Java 8 - Functional Interfaces


These interfaces are also called Single Abstract Method interfaces (SAM Interfaces). These can be represented using Lambda expressions, Method reference and constructor references as well. Java 8 introduces an annotation

Let’s build our first functional interface:

package functionalInterfaceExample;
 
@FunctionalInterface
public interface MyFirstFunctionalInterface {
public void firstWork();
}

Java8Tester.java

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.function.Predicate;

public class Java8Tester {

   public static void main(String args[]) {
      List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9);
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate = n -> true
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will always return true no matter what value n has.
		
      System.out.println("Print all numbers:");
		
      //pass n as parameter
      eval(list, n->true);
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate1 = n -> n%2 == 0
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will return true if n%2 comes to be zero
		
      System.out.println("Print even numbers:");
      eval(list, n-> n%2 == 0 );
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate2 = n -> n > 3
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will return true if n is greater than 3.
		
      System.out.println("Print numbers greater than 3:");
      eval(list, n-> n > 3 );
   }
	
   public static void eval(List<Integer> list, Predicate<Integer> predicate) {

      for(Integer n: list) {

         if(predicate.test(n)) {
            System.out.println(n + " ");
         }
      }
   }
}
Run example »

Here we've passed Predicate interface, which takes a single input and returns Boolean.

Verify the Result

Compile the class using javac compiler as follows −

C:\JAVA>javac Java8Tester.java
  Print all numbers:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Print even numbers:
2
4
6
8
Print numbers greater than 3:
4
5
6
7
8
9





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